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84-3-312. Lost, destroyed or stolen cashier's check, teller's check or certified check. (a) In this section:

(1) "Check" means a cashier's check, teller's check or certified check.

(2) "Claimant" means a person who claims the right to receive the amount of a cashier's check, teller's check or certified check that was lost, destroyed or stolen.

(3) "Declaration of loss" means a written statement, made under penalty of perjury, to the effect that (i) the declarer lost possession of a check, (ii) the declarer is the drawer or payee of the check, in the case of a certified check, or the remitter or payee of the check, in the case of a cashier's check or teller's check, (iii) the loss of possession was not the result of a transfer by the declarer or a lawful seizure, and (iv) the declarer cannot reasonably obtain possession of the check because the check was destroyed, its whereabouts cannot be determined, or it is in the wrongful possession of an unknown person or a person that cannot be found or is not amenable to service of process.

(4) "Obligated bank" means the issuer of a cashier's check or teller's check or the acceptor of a certified check.

(b) A claimant may assert a claim to the amount of a check by a communication to the obligated bank describing the check with reasonable certainty and requesting payment of the amount of the check, if (i) the claimant is the drawer or payee of a certified check or the remitter or payee of a cashier's check or teller's check, (ii) the communication contains or is accompanied by a declaration of loss of the claimant with respect to the check, (iii) the communication is received at a time and in a manner affording the bank a reasonable time to act on it before the check is paid, and (iv) the claimant provides reasonable identification if requested by the obligated bank. Delivery of a declaration of loss is a warranty of the truth of the statements made in the declaration. If a claim is asserted in compliance with this subsection, the following rules apply:

(1) The claim becomes enforceable at the later of (i) the time the claim is asserted, or (ii) the 90th day following the date of the check, in the case of a cashier's check or teller's check, or the 90th day following the date of the acceptance, in the case of a certified check.

(2) Until the claim becomes enforceable, it has no legal effect and the obligated bank may pay the check or, in the case of a teller's check, may permit the drawee to pay the check. Payment to a person entitled to enforce the check discharges all liability of the obligated bank with respect to the check.

(3) If the claim becomes enforceable before the check is presented for payment, the obligated bank is not obliged to pay the check.

(4) When the claim becomes enforceable, the obligated bank becomes obliged to pay the amount of the check to the claimant if payment of the check has not been made to a person entitled to enforce the check. Subject to the provisions of subsection (a)(1) of K.S.A. 84-4-302 and amendments thereto, payment to the claimant discharges all liability of the obligated bank with respect to the check.

(c) If the obligated bank pays the amount of a check to a claimant under subsection (b)(4) and the check is presented for payment by a person having rights of a holder in due course, the claimant is obliged to (i) refund the payment to the obligated bank if the check is paid, or (ii) pay the amount of the check to the person having rights of a holder in due course if the check is dishonored.

(d) If a claimant has the right to assert a claim under subsection (b) and is also a person entitled to enforce a cashier's check, teller's check or certified check which is lost, destroyed or stolen, the claimant may assert rights with respect to the check either under this section or K.S.A. 84-3-309 and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1992, ch. 259, ยง 1; July 1.

KANSAS COMMENT, 1996

This section is identical to the 1995 Official Text. It is new and was adopted as part of the Official Text in 1991.

This section is designed to protect owners of bank paper (see 84-3-104(g) and (h), and 83-3-409 for definitions). It operates differently from 84-3-309. Many times buyers of goods or services are requested to pay with bank paper. These instruments may be made out to the order of the buyer, but they are often made payable to the seller of the goods or services. In such a case, the customer, the owner of the instrument payable to another, is a remitter. See 84-3-103(11). This section applies to remitters as well as to the payees of these bank obligation instruments.

Essentially, the owner of the lost, destroyed or stolen check, which is the obligation of the bank, must prepare a claim, the "declaration of loss," under oath. The bank must pay the claim 90 days after issuance of the instrument. It may pay the instrument if it is presented prior to the 90-day period. If the bank pays the claim, it is discharged on the check. Then the claimant is liable to a holder in due course of the check if one makes a claim.


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