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84-2-203. Seals inoperative. The affixing of a seal to a writing evidencing a contract for sale or an offer to buy or sell goods does not constitute the writing a sealed instrument and the law with respect to sealed instruments does not apply to such a contract or offer.

History: L. 1965, ch. 564, ยง 27; January 1, 1966.

KANSAS COMMENT, 1996

This section abolishes any remaining legal effect of seals in contracts for the sale of goods. Kansas abolished the use of private seals in written contracts in 1868, see K.S.A. 16-106, although some remnants of the law of seals remain. The formal effect of a seal as a substitute for consideration persists to some extent in K.S.A. 16-107, under which all contracts in writing "import a consideration." That section establishes a presumption of consideration, so that lack of consideration must be proved as an affirmative defense.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Warranty violations in tripartite finance lease agreements, Winton A. Winter, Jr., 25 K.L.R. 573, 583 (1977).

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Applied; prosecution under worthless check statute; crime complete when check issued. State v. Powell, 220 Kan. 168, 173, 551 P.2d 902.

17. Cattle thieves and the UCC: Rancher selling cattle he did not own termed a merchant, but reversed to determine whether buyer was a buyer in ordinary course of business and could transfer valid title to cattle. Hammer v. Thompson, 35 Kan. App. 2d 165, 129 P.3d 609 (2006).


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