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82a-716. Common-law claimants; action for compensation; injunctions. If any appropriation, or the construction and operation of authorized diversion works results in an injury to any common-law claimant, such person shall be entitled to due compensation in a suitable action at law against the appropriator for damages proved for any property taken. Any person with a valid water right or permit to divert and use water may, after first exhausting the remedies available under K.S.A. 82a-717a, and amendments thereto, restrain or enjoin in any court of competent jurisdiction a subsequent diversion by a common-law claimant without vested rights without first condemning those common-law rights. After first exhausting the remedies available under K.S.A. 82a-717a, and amendments thereto, an appropriator shall have the right to injunctive relief to protect his or her prior right of beneficial use as against use by an appropriator with a later priority of right.

History: L. 1945, ch. 390, § 16; L. 1957, ch. 539, § 21; L. 2017, ch. 55, § 1; July 1.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Note on waters and watercourses and constitutionality of Kansas water appropriation act of 1945, 11 K.L.R. 558, 559 to 561 (1963).

Modification or abolition of certain property rights under police power of state, Robert I. Guenthner, 15 K.L.R. 346, 362 (1967).

Ground water appropriation permits, Mike Foust, 11 W.L.J. 251, 258 (1972).

"High Noon on the Ogallala Aquifer: Agriculture Does Not Live by Farmland Preservation Alone," Myrl L. Duncan, 27 W.L.J. 16, 47 (1987).


1. Discussed in determining remedies available under act to common law claimants and appropriation users. Williams v. City of Wichita, 190 Kan. 317, 335, 337, 338, 340, 341, 346, 355, 360, 374 P.2d 578.

2. Act is constitutional; notice; vested rights must be recognized. Baumann v. Smrha, 145 F. Supp. 617, 618, 619, 623, 624, 625. Affirmed: 352 U.S. 863, 77 S. Ct. 96, 1 L.Ed.2d 73.

3. Federal court will refuse to determine property rights in water until state court makes determination under statute. Williams v. City of Wichita, Kansas, 279 F.2d 375, 377.

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