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79-2804b. Actions to open, vacate or modify foreclosure proceedings; time limitations. Legal or equitable actions or proceedings may be brought to open, vacate, modify or set aside any judgment rendered for taxes, interest and costs or any order of sale made under the provisions of K.S.A. 79-2803, or amendments thereto, or any sale made under the provisions of K.S.A. 79-2804, or any amendments thereof, but every such action or proceeding, including those brought to set aside judgments on the grounds and in the manner prescribed by the code of civil procedure, must be commenced within twelve months after the date the sale of the real estate, which was affected by such judgment, order of sale or sale, was confirmed by the court. The time limitation herein fixed for the bringing of any such action or proceeding shall be construed as a condition precedent to the bringing of any such action or proceeding and shall not be construed as a statute of limitations.

The petition in every such action or proceeding shall show that such action or proceeding was commenced within the time herein limited. If any such action or proceeding is not commenced within the time herein limited, or if the petition in any such action or proceeding shall not show that such action or proceeding was so commenced, the court shall have no jurisdiction of such action or proceeding. The provisions of this section shall apply to all judgments, orders of sale, and sales whether the purchaser at the foreclosure sale be the county or an individual.

History: L. 1941, ch. 375, § 22; L. 1945, ch. 362, § 5; L. 1949, ch. 478, § 1; April 15.

Revisor's Note:

Code of civil procedure, see 60-206, 60-260, 60-262.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Cited in constitutional law survey, Robert I. Guenthner, 17 K.L.R. 333, 339 (1969).

"Titles—Insufficient Notice in a Tax Foreclosure Action," Robert Looney, 19 K.L.R. 160 (1970).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Judicial foreclosure and sale of real estate by county; persons not eligible to purchase; agents. 97-46.

Tax foreclosure proceedings; K.S.A. 60-2201 and doctrine of lis pendens applied. 97-87.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Suit attacking foreclosure action or deed barred six months after sale. Blair v. Pooler, 160 Kan. 201, 204, 160 P.2d 672.

2. Proceeding to set aside judgment held barred. Sheridan County Comm'rs v. Acre, 160 Kan. 278, 279, 283, 284, 287, 160 P.2d 250.

3. Final judgment not subject to collateral attack in quiet title action. Magnolia Petroleum Co. v. Moyle, 160 Kan. 722, 726, 727, 729, 165 P.2d 419. Reserved: 162 Kan. 133, 143, 144, 146, 147, 155, 175 P.2d 133. Affirmed: 163 Kan. 368, 182 P.2d 127. But see Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Moore, 179 Kan. 482, 490, 297 P.2d 183.

4. Section discussed at length but not applied. Magnolia Petroleum Co. v. Moyle, 162 Kan. 133, 143, 144, 146, 147, 155, 175 P.2d 133. Affirmed: 163 Kan. 368, 182 P.2d 127. Overruled: Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Moore, 179 Kan. 482, 490, 297 P.2d 183.

5. Quiet title action is within section (dissenting opinion). Magnolia Petroleum Co. v. Moyle, 162 Kan. 133, 143, 144, 146, 147, 155, 175 P.2d 133. Affirmed: 163 Kan. 368, 182 P.2d 127. Overruled: Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Moore, 179 Kan. 482, 490, 297 P.2d 183.

6. Action against purchaser at sheriff's sale held barred; eligibility of purchaser. Keith v. Wright, 174 Kan. 344, 347, 348, 256 P.2d 117.

7. County Commissioners may challenge validity of sale hereunder; "Order of Sale" defined; includes all defects and irregularities. Cherokee County Comm'rs v. Barnard, 162 Kan. 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 178 P.2d 189.

8. Purchaser may appeal from order setting aside the sale. Sumner County Comm'rs v. Avis, 163 Kan. 388, 391, 183 P.2d 462.

9. Action to vacate tax foreclosure judgment; appeal; county necessary party. Cowley County Comm'rs v. Herbert, 163 Kan. 590, 185 P.2d 153.

10. Court without jurisdiction under K.S.A. 79-2801 where taxes not delinquent. Shell Oil Co. v. Board of County Comm'rs, 165 Kan. 642, 646, 649, 652, 197 P.2d 925. Overruled: Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Moore, 179 Kan. 482, 490, 297 P.2d 183.

11. Material amendment to motion to set aside sale properly refused; limitation. Board of County Comm'rs v. Commercial Fuel Co., 166 Kan. 425, 428, 201 P.2d 1071.

12. Applied to proceeding to set aside orders refusing confirmation and allowing redemption. Board of County Comm'rs v. Groomer, 166 Kan. 593, 598, 103 P.2d 237.

13. Ineligible purchaser; action to set aside judgment and subsequent proceedings held barred. Shell Oil Co. v. Board of County Comm'rs, 171 Kan. 159, 166, 167, 168, 169, 231 P.2d 220. Affirmed: 171 Kan. 595, 596, 237 P.2d 257.

14. Judgment under act final, when; exhaustive review of cases. Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Moore, 179 Kan. 482, 487, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 297 P.2d 183. Syllabus No. 2 and corresponding portions of opinion "disapproved." Pierce v. Board of County Commissioners, 200 Kan. 74, 85, 434 P.2d 858.

15. Quiet title action; guardian purchased ward's property at tax sale; petition insufficient; action barred. Nelson v. Hein, 183 Kan. 430, 431, 432, 327 P.2d 1028.

16. Co-tenant obtained tax deed; action to set aside properly alleged and not barred. Jesberg v. Klinger, 184 Kan. 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 337 P.2d 660.

17. Proceeding to vacate and correct judgment barred hereunder; construed; applied. Board of County Commissioners v. Abbott, 185 Kan. 687, 691, 692, 693, 694, 347 P.2d 410.

18. Mineral interests separately taxed; cotenant's interest sold on tax foreclosure; another cotenant eligible purchaser; statutes construed. Jesberg v. Klinger, 187 Kan. 582, 583, 585, 358 P.2d 770.

19. Provisions limiting time for challenging judgment applicable to owners not made parties to foreclosure action; constitutional. Robertson v. Lemmon, 189 Kan. 619, 622, 623, 624, 626, 371 P.2d 175.

20. Action to set aside foreclosure proceedings not barred hereunder, when. Armstrong v. Royalty Holding Co., 214 F.2d 286, 289.

21. Timely action commenced hereunder; trial court wrongly invoked equity powers, but orders of court upheld for constitutional reasons. Pierce v. Board of County Commissioners, 200 Kan. 74, 75, 77, 79, 86, 434 P.2d 858.

22. Twelve-months time limitation inapplicable where proceedings in tax foreclosure action resulted in denial of due process. Chapin v. Aylward, 204 Kan. 448, 449, 452, 455, 464 P.2d 177.

23. Failure to serve process in tax foreclosure action; proceedings and deed void and time limit hereunder inapplicable; doctrine of laches considered. Ford v. Willits, 9 Kan. App. 2d 735, 688 P.2d 1230 (1984); Ford v. Willits, 237 Kan. 13, 15, 697 P.2d 834 (1985).

24. Cited, standard of review discussed. Board of Jefferson County Comm'rs v. Adcox, 35 Kan. App. 2d 628, 635, 132 P.3d 1004 (2006).


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