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65-161. Definitions. As used in this act:

(a) "Waters of the state" means all streams and springs, and all bodies of surface and subsurface waters within the boundaries of the state;

(b) "discharge" means, when used without qualification, the causing or permitting of sewage to enter, either directly or indirectly, into waters of the state;

(c) "indirect discharge" means the introduction of pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works from any nondomestic source; and

(d) "direct discharge" means the discharge of sewage into waters of the state.

History: L. 1907, ch. 382, § 1; R.S. 1923, 65-161; L. 1973, ch. 241, § 1; L. 1984, ch. 221, § 1; April 19.

Cross References to Related Sections:

Term applied with respect to discharge of mercury into state waters, see 65-171j.

Term defined, solid waste management, see 65-3402.

Term defined, regulation of watercraft and other activities, see 32-1102, 32-1125.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"Home Rule and Environment Regulation in Kansas," David E. Pierce, 26 K.L.R. 535, 545, 546 (1978).

"Structuring Routine Oil and Gas Transactions to Minimize Environmental Liability," David E. Pierce, 33 W.L.J. 76, 123 (1993).

"Time to Bite the Bullet: A Look at State Implementation of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLS) Under Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act," Mary E. Christopher, 40 W.L.J. 480 (2001).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Definitions; "sewage" and "pollution"; citizen intervention in certain environmental proceedings. 91-68.

Confined animal feeding operations; environmental impact; contamination of soil and water; application and enforcement of federal and state laws; legislative authority. 98-2.


1. Health authorities may invoke remedy of injunction to prevent anticipated health menace. Dougan v. Shawnee County Comm'rs, 141 Kan. 554, 560, 43 P.2d 223.

2. Water pollution action brought hereunder for damage caused by aerial spraying of pesticides improper; action properly brought under the Kansas pesticide law. Taylor v. Department of Health & Environment, 230 Kan. 283, 284, 634 P.2d 1075 (1981).

3. Secretary of KDHE has authority to incorporate air pollution conditions within water pollution permit. Pork Motel, Corp. v. Kansas Dept. of Health & Environment, 234 Kan. 374, 380, 673 P.2d 1126 (1983).

4. Owner of salt water injection well not required to report accidental spill under statutes or K.A.R. 28-16-27. Malone Oil Co. v. Department of Health & Environment, 234 Kan. 1066, 1068, 1073, 677 P.2d 546 (1984).

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