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48-904. Definitions. As used in this act:

(a) "Emergency management" means the preparation for and the carrying out of all emergency functions, other than functions for which military forces or other federal agencies are primarily responsible, to prevent, minimize and repair injury and damage resulting from disasters;

(b) "adjutant general" means the adjutant general of the state of Kansas;

(c) "division of emergency management" means the division of emergency management created in the office of the adjutant general by K.S.A. 48-905, and amendments thereto;

(d) "disaster" means the occurrence or imminent threat of widespread or severe damage, injury or loss of life or property resulting from any natural or manmade cause, including, but not limited to, fire, flood, earthquake, wind, storm, epidemics, contagious or infectious disease, air contamination, blight, drought, infestation, explosion, riot, terrorism or hostile military or paramilitary action;

(e) "unorganized militia" means all able-bodied male and female persons between the ages of 16 and 50 years;

(f) "state disaster emergency plan" means the plan prepared and maintained by the division of emergency management pursuant to K.S.A. 48-926, and amendments thereto;

(g) "local and interjurisdictional disaster emergency plans" means all disaster emergency plans developed and promulgated by county, city and interjurisdictional disaster agencies pursuant to K.S.A. 48-929, and amendments thereto; and

(h) "hazardous material" means any substance or material in a quantity or form which may be harmful or injurious to the health and safety of humans, animals, crops or property when released into the environment. Hazardous material includes, but is not limited to, explosives, radioactive materials, disease-causing agents, flammable liquids, solids or gases, combustible liquids, poisons, poisonous gases, oxidizing materials, corrosive materials, irritants, nonflammable gases, cryogenics and blasting agents.

History: L. 1951, ch. 323, § 3; L. 1955, ch. 263, § 2; L. 1975, ch. 283, § 1; L. 1980, ch. 158, § 1; L. 1994, ch. 248, § 2; L. 2001, ch. 163, § 10; L. 2002, ch. 83, § 1; July 1.

Cross References to Related Sections:

Interstate civil defense and disaster compact, see 48-3201, 48-3202.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"The Immunity Provisions in the Kansas Tort Claims Act: The First Twenty-Five Years," William E. Westerbeke, 52 K.L.R. 939 (2004).

Attorney General's Opinions:

County and city disaster agencies; duties of local sheriff. 85-85.

Immunity from liability for persons controlling property used for shelter during actual or impending disasters. 93-101.

Responsibilities, duties, powers and liabilities of the state, county and local emergency preparedness committees under state and federal law. 95-75.


1. Whether having an approved emergency plan on file is prerequisite to KTCA (K.S.A. 75-6101 et seq.) immunity for emergency preparedness activities examined. Bradley v. Board of Butler County Comm'rs, 20 Kan. App. 2d 602, 605, 890 P.2d 1228 (1995).

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