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41-715. Sale of liquor to incapacitated or intoxicated person; penalties. (a) No person shall knowingly sell, give away, dispose of, exchange or deliver, or permit the sale, gift or procuring of any alcoholic liquor to or for any person who is an incapacitated person, or any person who is physically or mentally incapacitated by the consumption of such liquor.

(b) Violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $100 and not exceeding $250 or imprisonment not exceeding 30 days, or both.

History: L. 1949, ch. 242, § 78; L. 1963, ch. 267, § 1; L. 1965, ch. 277, § 8; L. 1985, ch. 173, § 1; July 1.

Cross References to Related Sections:

Providing alcoholic beverage to minor, see 21-3610, 21-3610a.

Consumption or purchase of alcoholic liquor by minor, see 41-727, 41-2721.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Liability to third persons of one selling or furnishing liquor discussed, Lawrence A. Dimmitt, 6 W.L.J. 535, 536, 538 (1967).

"Third Party Liability for Drunken Driving," Betsey J. Morgan, 26 W.L.J. 267, 280, 295 (1987).

"Kansas: The Haven for the Irresponsible Barkeep," Creath Moore Pollak, J.K.T.L.A. Vol. 26, No. 6, 8, 11 (2003).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Sale of liquor to intoxicated persons. 84-109.

Sale of intoxicating liquor and beverages on credit on-premises and off-premises sales distinctions; equal protection. 93-128.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Revocation of retail liquor license for violation of section upheld. Smith v. Herrick, 172 Kan. 65, 66, 69, 238 P.2d 557.

2. Discussed; licensee held responsible for acts of employee; regulation of director upheld. Chambers v. Herrick, 172 Kan. 510, 515, 519, 241 P.2d 748.

3. Discussed; no knowledge of liquor in vehicle; defendant not guilty under K.S.A. 41-804. City of Hutchinson v. Weems, 173 Kan. 452, 459, 249 P.2d 633.

4. Cited in distinguishing penal and regulatory provisions of law; charge of sale of alcoholic beverage to minor. State v. Sleeth, 8 Kan. App. 2d 652, 656, 664 P.2d 883 (1983).

5. Discussed; absent legislation, suppliers of alcohol not liable to victims of intoxicated tortfeasors; violation hereof not negligence per se. Ling v. Jan's Liquors, 237 Kan. 629, 639, 640, 703 P.2d 731 (1985).

6. Dispenser of alcohol not liable to victim of intoxicated tortfeasor; police officers' liability where guidelines or specific duty obligations involved (K.S.A. 75-6101 et seq.) examined. Fudge v. City of Kansas City, 239 Kan. 369, 375, 720 P.2d 1093 (1986).

7. Cited; absence of employer's duty to third party for tortious acts of off-duty employee examined. Meyers v. Grubaugh, 242 Kan. 716, 719, 750 P.2d 1031 (1988).

8. Statute regulating sale of liquor not intended to impose civil liability. Mills v. City of Overland Park, 251 Kan. 434, 837 P.2d 370 (1992).

9. Court follows Ling v. Jan's Liquors, 237 Kan. 629, in holding no liability of bar operator in selling alcoholic beverages to obviously intoxicated person who later drives and causes death of another. Noone v. Chalet of Wichita, 32 Kan. App. 2d 1230, 96 P.3d 674 (2004).


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