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38-802.

History: L. 1957, ch. 256, § 2; L. 1965, ch. 278, § 1; L. 1970, ch. 165, § 2; L. 1971, ch. 150, § 1; L. 1973, ch. 184, § 1; L. 1975, ch. 33, § 7; L. 1976, ch. 207, § 2; L. 1978, ch. 158, § 1; L. 1979, ch. 122, § 2; L. 1980, ch. 122, § 1; Repealed, L. 1982, ch. 182, § 150; January 1, 1983.

Source or prior law:

38-301(a), (b), (h); 38-402(b); 38-414(b), (c), (e).

Cross References to Related Sections:

Assistant secretary for operations position abolished, see 38-811.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Petition charging environment "would be" injurious to minor held not to be vital deviation from statute. Lennon v. State, 193 Kan. 685, 688, 396 P.2d 360.

2. Changes substantive law and is prospective in application. State v. Augustine, 197 Kan. 207, 416 P.2d 281.

3. Act raising jurisdictional age limit for juveniles not retroactive in application. State v. Coutcher, 198 Kan. 282, 284, 285, 424 P.2d 865.

4. Prior juvenile record mentioned in proceeding for prosecution as an adult; waiver; findings supported by evidence. In re Templeton, 202 Kan. 89, 91, 92, 447 P.2d 158.

5. Mentioned in determining sufficiency of evidence to support finding of "dependent and neglected child." In re Armentrout, 207 Kan. 366, 367, 368, 485 P.2d 183.

6. No error where increased sentence for prior convictions imposed because subsequent legislature raised juvenile age limit. State v. Grimmett & Smith, 208 Kan. 324, 326, 491 P.2d 549.

7. Finding of dependent and neglected child supported by clear and convincing evidence. In re Bachelor, 211 Kan. 879, 880, 883, 508 P.2d 862.

8. Cited in dissenting opinion of case extending procedural due process to school expulsion proceeding. Smith v. Miller, 213 Kan. 1, 21, 514 P.2d 377.

9. Subsection (b)(1) mentioned in holding recourse from juvenile court's findings waiving jurisdiction is direct appeal to district court. State v. Shepherd, 213 Kan. 498, 504, 505, 516 P.2d 945.

10. Findings by court of dependency, neglect and parental unfitness upheld; permanent deprivation of parental rights. In re Hambleton, 2 Kan. App. 2d 68, 73, 574 P.2d 572.

11. Minor child found dependent and neglected; K.S.A. 38-816 construed and applied; substantial evidence to support ruling. In re Hamlett, 2 Kan. App. 2d 642, 586 P.2d 277.

12. Mere conclusions that child was dependent and neglected and parents unfit inadequate for appellate review; new hearing ordered. In re Atwood, 2 Kan. App. 2d 680, 681, 587 P.2d 1.

13. Cited in holding trial court's order severing parental rights was supported by clear and convincing evidence. In re Kerns, 225 Kan. 746, 572, 594 P.2d 187.

14. Cited; petition verbatim recitation of definition of dependent and neglected child. Beebe v. Chavez, 226 Kan. 591, 594, 602 P.2d 1279.

15. Mentioned; parent has right of access to court's social file in a deprived child action. Nunn v. Morrison, 227 Kan. 730, 737, 608 P.2d 1359.

16. Mentioned; rights of one parent may be severed under code even though both parents of deprived child are living. In re Wheeler, 3 Kan. App. 2d 701, 704, 601 P.2d 15.

17. Cited in reversing conviction under K.S.A. 21-3612; evidence not sufficient to sustain conviction. State v. Chance, 4 Kan. App. 2d 283, 284, 285, 604 P.2d 756.

18. Trial court has jurisdiction to suspend driving privileges of 16 year old for violation of K.S.A. 8-1514 pursuant to K.S.A. 38-815 and 8-2117. State v. Seymour, 5 Kan. App. 2d 95, 96, 612 P.2d 1248.

19. Term "unfit" in K.S.A. 38-804(c) not unconstitutionally vague, nor does statute violate constitution for failure to incorporate doctrine of least restrictive alternative. In re Brooks, 228 Kan. 541, 547, 618 P.2d 814.

20. Indigent parents must have counsel appointed to represent them at a deprived child hearing. In re Cooper, 5 Kan. App. 2d 584, 621 P.2d 437.

21. Cited in deprived child-parental severance proceeding; no error by court in ordering severance. In re Zappa, 6 Kan. App. 2d 633, 634, 635, 631 P.2d 1245 (1981).

22. General references to persons interested in child not sufficient authority to grant grandmother intervention in severance proceeding. Wilson & Walker v. State, 230 Kan. 49, 54, 630 P.2d 1102 (1981).

23. "Deprived child" implies parental misconduct or breach of duty; parental right to counsel discussed. In re Cooper, 230 Kan. 57, 58, 61, 66, 631 P.2d 632 (1981).

24. Trial court failed to enter findings of fact and conclusions of law but record supported presumption that court found facts necessary to support parental severance judgment. In re Lett & Jackson, 7 Kan. App. 2d 329, 332, 640 P.2d 1294 (1982).

25. Child held to be a deprived child even though the child was never in parent's custody. In re Price, 7 Kan. App. 2d 477, 478, 482, 644 P.2d 467 (1982).

26. Child found to be deprived; lack of proper "care or control" to protect child. In re Dodge, 8 Kan. App. 2d 259, 260, 655 P.2d 135 (1983).

27. To sever parental rights, child must be found deprived and parent unfit by clear and convincing evidence. In re Reed, 8 Kan. App. 2d 602, 604, 663 P.2d 675 (1983).

28. Statutory changes in K.S.A. 38-1602(b)(1) not retroactively applied to juvenile charged before change effective. In re Hockenbury, 9 Kan. App. 2d 450, 453, 680 P.2d 561 (1984).

29. Cited in holding incapacitated parent entitled to service on guardian and conservator (K.S.A. 60-304(c)) in severance proceedings. In re Baby Boy Bryant, 9 Kan. App. 2d 768, 772, 774, 689 P.2d 1203 (1984).


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