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21-4718.

History: L. 1992, ch. 239, § 18; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 264; L. 1994, ch. 291, § 58; L. 2002, ch. 170, § 2; L. 2010, ch. 135, § 12; Repealed, L. 2011, ch. 30, § 288; July 1.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Survey of Recent Cases, 46 K.L.R. 919 (1998).

"2002 Legislative Wrap Up," Paul T. Davis, 71 J.K.B.A. No. 7, 15 (2002).

"Surviving Apprendi: A Procedural Ideal Meets the Real World of Determinate Sentencing," Teresa L. Sittenauer, 72 J.K.B.A. No. 1, 44 (2003).

"Durational and Dispositional Departures Under the Kansas Sentencing Guidelines Act: The Kansas Supreme Court's Uneasy Passage Through Apprendi-land [State v. Carr, 53 P.3d 843 (Kan. 2002)]," Steven J. Crossland, 42 W.L.J. 687 (2003).

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Whether prosecution is required to give notice of grounds upon which departure is sought examined. State v. Gideon, 257 Kan. 591, 617, 894 P.2d 850 (1995).

2. Whether court must make findings of fact of reasons for presumptive sentence departure if hearing not requested examined. State v. Mares, 20 Kan. App. 2d 971, 972, 893 P.2d 296 (1995).

3. Trial court's factual findings neither supported by evidence in record nor established by compelling reasons for upward sentence departure. State v. Cox, 258 Kan. 557, 573, 908 P.2d 603 (1995).

4. Notice requirements for court imposing departure sentence on its own volition discussed. State v. Trimble, 21 Kan. App. 2d 32, 37, 894 P.2d 920 (1995).

5. Testimony of victim's family supporting downward departure in involuntary manslaughter held substantial competent evidence. State v. Heath, 21 Kan. App. 2d 410, 416, 901 P.2d 29 (1995).

6. Trial court must rule on motion for departure from presumptive sentence after sentence imposed. State v. Bost, 21 Kan. App. 2d 560, 566, 903 P.2d 160 (1995).

7. Lack of notice to defendant of aggravating factor used in imposition of departure sentence ruled harmless error. State v. Valentine, 260 Kan. 431, 440, 921 P.2d 770 (1996).

8. Trial court did not err by imposing upward departure based in part on randomness of defendant's crime. State v. Alderson, 260 Kan. 445, 466, 922 P.2d 435 (1996).

9. Sentencing court's jurisdiction to modify or depart from sentence after imposition of lawful KSGA (K.S.A. 21-4701 et seq.) discussed. State v. Miller, 260 Kan. 892, 896, 900, 926 P.2d 652 (1996).

10. Prosecution motion to seek departure sentence is time-barred when not filed before imposition of conversion sentence. State v. Beall, 22 Kan. App. 2d 486, 488, 920 P.2d 448 (1996).

11. Prosecutor has authority to recommend upward departure sentence to facilitate plea agreement. Soto v. State, 23 Kan. App. 2d 85, 89, 927 P.2d 954 (1996).

12. Court not required to state reasons for refusing to depart from imposing a presumptive sentence. State v. Windom, 23 Kan. App. 2d 429, 430, 431, 932 P.2d 1019 (1997).

13. Defendant may agree to a combined departure and sentencing hearing. State v. Rodriguez, 23 Kan. App. 2d 559, 560, 933 P.2d 164 (1997).

14. Imposition of imprisonment sentence where defendant's offense committed while in custody pending felony trial requires departure. State v. Marsh, 263 Kan. 773, 776, 952 P.2d 933 (1998).

15. Defendant's failure to object to lack of notice to depart by trial judge precluded review. State v. Billington, 24 Kan. App. 2d 759, 761, 953 P.2d 1059 (1998).

16. Trial court is not required to issue reasons for denial of departure to a defendant under subsection (a)(2). State v. Koehn, 266 Kan. 10, 13, 966 P.2d 63 (1998).

17. Error for court to depart from presumptive sentence without giving notice to parties. State v. Colbert, 26 Kan. App. 2d 177, 182, 987 P.2d 1103 (1999).

18. Trial court imposition of upward departure based on fiduciary relationship of defendant and victim upheld. State v. Ippert, 268 Kan. 254, 261, 995 P.2d 858 (2000).

19. Remanded for court's failure to give reasonable notice to parties of intent to impose upward dispositional sentence; however, holding in State v. Gould, 271 Kan. 391, pertaining to upward durational departures does not apply to upward dispositional departures. State v. Carr, 29 Kan. App. 2d 501, 28 P.3d 436 (2001).

20. Sentencing court's notice of intent to depart from sentencing guidelines was inadequate. State v. Martinez, 38 Kan. App. 2d 324, 336, 165 P.3d 1050 (2007).

21. Cited in opinion holding that juveniles have a constitutional right to jury trials. In re L.M., 286 Kan. 460, 468, 186 P.3d 164 (2008).

22. Cited; reference to "trial jury" in K.S.A. 21-4718 not intended to limit upward departures to only when not guilty plea entered. State v. Horn, 40 Kan. App. 2d 687, 693 to 695, 703, 707, 708, 196 P.3d 379 (2008).

23. Mentioned; conviction under K.S.A. 21-4704 not a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year. U.S. v. Hill, 512 F.3d 1277, 1280, 1282 (2008).

24. Cited; defendant's prior Kansas conviction for criminal possession of a firearm constituted qualifying felony for federal felon in possession crime. U.S. v. Hill, 539 F.3d 1213, 1216, 1218 (2008).

25. Guilty plea does not constitute a waiver of the right to a jury for an upward durational departure sentence proceeding. State v. Horn, 291 Kan. 1, 238 P.3d 238 (2010).

26. Upward durational departure sentence held illegal; sentence vacated and case remanded for resentencing. State v. Duncan, 291 Kan. 467, 243 P.3d 338 (2010).

27. Departure sentences held illegal due to the sentencing court's failure to comply with statutory requirements. State v. Jackson, 297 Kan. 110, 298 P.3d 344 (2013).


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