KANSAS OFFICE of
  REVISOR of STATUTES

  

Home >> Statutes >> Back


Click to open printable format in new window.Printable Format
 | Next

21-3503.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3503; L. 1975, ch. 193, § 1; L. 1983, ch. 109, § 3; L. 1984, ch. 118, § 1; L. 1985, ch. 109, § 2; L. 1987, ch. 108, § 1; L. 1989, ch. 89, § 1; L. 1993, ch. 253, § 3; L. 1993, ch. 253, § 4; Repealed, L. 2010, ch. 136, § 307; July 1, 2011.

Source or Prior Law:

21-424.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"The New Kansas Law Regarding Admissibility of Child-Victim Hearsay Statements," G. Joseph Pierron, 52 J.K.B.A. 88, 94 (1983).

"The Admissibility of Child Victim Hearsay in Kansas: A Defense Perspective," Christopher B. McNeil, 23 W.L.J. 265, 268 (1984).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Criminal Law," Robert A. Wason, 32 K.L.R. 395, 398 (1984).

"Family Law: Children Having Children—A Father's Age is Irrelevant for Purposes of Determining Parental Responsibility [State ex rel. Hermesmann v. Seyer, 847 P.2d 1273 (Kan. 1993)]," Rebecca Proctor Wempe, 33 W.L.J. 247 (1993).

"Call it a 'Plan' and A Defendant's Prior (Similar) Sexual Misconduct Is In: The Disappearance of K.S.A. 60-455," Troy W. Purinton, 70 J.K.B.A. No. 8, 30 (2001).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Code for care of children; definition of sexual abuse and exploitation in code; conformity with federal regulations. 83-186.

Crime victims compensation board; claims; conditions; limitations. 91-19.

Reporting of certain abuse or neglect of a child; pregnancy. 92-48.

Family planning centers; state funding of contraceptives for minors. 92-71.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Failure to give aiding and abetting instruction not error in prosecution hereunder. State v. Ingram, 211 Kan. 587, 506 P.2d 1148.

2. Cited in dismissal of state reserved question appeal arising from prosecution hereunder. State v. Chittenden, 212 Kan. 178, 510 P.2d 152.

3. Conviction hereunder upheld; statement of accused not inadmissible solely because counsel not present. State v. Nichols, 212 Kan. 814, 512 P.2d 329.

4. Conviction hereunder; motion to vacate sentence and conviction denied. Underwood v. State, 214 Kan. 633, 522 P.2d 457.

5. Subsection (1)(b) not sufficiently definite to satisfy constitutional requirements as to due process. State v. Conley, 216 Kan. 66, 67, 68, 69, 71, 531 P.2d 36.

6. Record examined from conviction hereunder; precise time of offense not stated in indictment; use of word "rape" not prejudicial; conviction upheld. State v. Wonser, 217 Kan. 406, 408, 537 P.2d 197.

7. Conviction under (1)(a) upheld; instructions and admission of evidence proper. State v. Sisson, 217 Kan. 475, 476, 536 P.2d 1369.

8. Conviction under subsection (1)(b) vacated provisions unconstitutionally vague. State v. Sisson, 217 Kan. 475, 476, 536 P.2d 1369.

9. Record examined in appeal from conviction hereunder; no reversible error. State v. Morton, 217 Kan. 642, 538 P.2d 675.

10. Conviction hereunder reversed; defendant's 6 th amendment right to effective cross-examination denied by admission of out of court statement. State v. Fisher, 222 Kan. 76, 563 P.2d 1012.

11. Findings on admissibility of voluntary extra-judicial statement supported by substantial competent evidence; conviction affirmed. State v. Holt, 2 Kan. App. 2d 1, 574 P.2d 152.

12. Alleged errors in conviction hereunder reviewed; conviction affirmed. State v. Cook, 224 Kan. 132, 578 P.2d 257.

13. Mentioned in holding K.S.A. 21-3608 unconstitutionally vague and indefinite for failure to establish reasonably definite standards of guilt required by due process of law. State v. Meinert, 225 Kan. 816, 819, 594 P.2d 232.

14. Conviction hereunder reversed; reference to polygraph tests constituted prejudicial misconduct; new trial ordered. State v. Kilpatrick, 2 Kan. App. 2d 349, 352, 578 P.2d 1147.

15. No merit in contention that this section violates due process. State v. Kilpatrick, 2 Kan. App. 2d 349, 352, 578 P.2d 1147.

16. Conviction of taking indecent liberties with a child upheld; statute not unconstitutionally vague or indefinite. State v. Voiles, 226 Kan. 469, 470, 472, 601 P.2d 1121.

17. No error in failure to instruct jury on lewd and lascivious behavior or indecent solicitation of a child; conviction affirmed. State v. Gregg, 226 Kan. 481, 483, 602 P.2d 85.

18. Conviction upheld; evidence sufficient to support uncorroborated extrajudicial confession. State v. Tillery, 227 Kan. 342, 607 P.2d 1031.

19. Conviction hereunder upheld; crime committed in transit; venue allegation and instruction proper. State v. Lovelace, 227 Kan. 348, 349, 607 P.2d 49.

20. Cited in holding that second prosecution under K.S.A. 21-3511 did not constitute double jeopardy under the provisions of K.S.A. 21-3108. Williams v. Darr, 4 Kan. App. 2d 178, 179, 180, 181, 603 P.2d 1021.

21. Where defendant testified to his presence at both alleged incidents of indecent liberties, such testimony negates contention of prejudicial deprivation of alibi defense. State v. Gilley, 5 Kan. App. 2d 321, 322, 323, 615 P.2d 827.

22. Trial court order excluding "other crimes" evidence not an order suppressing evidence; appellate court has no jurisdiction to hear appeal by state. State v. Boling, 5 Kan. App. 2d 371, 372, 617 P.2d 102.

23. In cases involving illicit sexual relations between adult and child, evidence of prior acts of similar nature between same parties is admissible. State v. Crossman, 229 Kan. 384, 624 P.2d 461.

24. Arrest of judgment and dismissal is not an acquittal; second trial on same charge not double jeopardy. State v. Love, 5 Kan. App. 2d 768, 769, 625 P.2d 7.

25. No error in refusal to instruct on indecent liberties where rape victim's age prevented consent. State v. Lilley, 231 Kan. 694, 696, 647 P.2d 1323 (1982).

26. Hearsay testimony of mother of four-year-old victim admissible under contemporaneous statements exception. State v. Rodriquez, 8 Kan. App. 2d 353, 354, 357, 657 P.2d 79 (1983).

27. Crime of indecent liberties with a child was a lesser included offense of rape; conviction of rape bars conviction of lesser offense. State v. Coberly, 233 Kan. 100, 106, 107, 661 P.2d 383 (1983).

28. Time of offense not essential element of indecent liberties with child; admission of extrajudicial statements of child as exception to hearsay rules. State v. Myatt, 237 Kan. 17, 28, 697 P.2d 836 (1985).

29. Dismissal following preliminary hearing; failure of court to conduct hearing pursuant to K.S.A. 60-460(dd) on child's testimony. State v. Lanter, 237 Kan. 309, 699 P.2d 503 (1985).

30. Written instructions only at close of argument, prejudicial effect of failing to deliver orally. State v. Norris, 10 Kan. App. 2d 397, 699 P.2d 585 (1985).

31. Cited; provisions of K.S.A. 60-460(dd) (statements by children) inapplicable to proceedings under juvenile offenders code (K.S.A. 38-1601 et seq). In re Mary P., 237 Kan. 456, 701 P.2d 681 (1985).

32. Acceptance and validity of guilty plea (K.S.A. 22-3210) discussed; grounds to set aside reviewed and applied. State v. Snyder, 10 Kan. App. 2d 450, 451, 701 P.2d 969 (1985).

33. Cited; right to counsel infringed where law partner represents another charged with same crime and conflict arises. State v. Lem'Mons, 238 Kan. 1, 2, 705 P.2d 552 (1985).

34. What actions necessary to toll statute of limitations (K.S.A. 21-3106) discussed. State v. Mills, 238 Kan. 189, 708 P.2d 1079 (1985).

35. Cited; effect of changes in statutes involving indecent liberties with child discussed. State v. Armstrong, 238 Kan. 559, 564, 712 P.2d 1258 (1986).

36. Hearsay statements of children, proper instructions on statements (K.S.A. 60-460(dd)) examined. State v. Clark, 11 Kan. App. 2d 586, 730 P.2d 1104 (1986).

37. Threat to child not to talk does not constitute concealment (K.S.A. 21-3106(3)(c)) to toll statute of limitations. State v. Bentley, 239 Kan. 334, 339, 721 P.2d 227 (1986).

38. Failure of information to allege essential elements of crime examined. State v. Jackson, 239 Kan. 463, 464, 721 P.2d 232 (1986).

39. Statutory guidelines for acceptance of guilty plea (K.S.A. 22-3210) examined in K.S.A. 60-1507 proceeding. Noble v. State, 240 Kan. 162, 727 P.2d 473 (1986).

40. Cited; prior law under K.S.A. 21-3504 and related statutes examined. State v. Ramos, 240 Kan. 485, 488, 731 P.2d 837 (1987).

41. Technical irregularities in execution of search warrant, voluntariness of confession examined. State v. Holloman, 240 Kan. 589, 731 P.2d 294 (1987).

42. Admission of suppression hearing transcript harmless error and late endorsement of witnesses not abuse of discretion. State v. Phifer, 241 Kan. 233, 737 P.2d 1 (1987).

43. Aggravated sexual battery (K.S.A. 21-3518) not lesser included offense, no instruction thereon necessary. State v. Fulcher, 12 Kan. App. 2d 169, 170, 737 P.2d 61 (1987).

44. Noted as lesser included offense (K.S.A. 21-3107) of rape (K.S.A. 21-3502); other lesser included offenses noted. State v. Moore, 242 Kan. 1, 3, 748 P.2d 833 (1987).

45. Non-identical offense to aggravated incest (K.S.A. 21-3603), instruction on aggravated sexual battery (K.S.A. 21-3518), K.S.A. 60-460 hearing examined. State v. Hutchcraft, 242 Kan. 55, 744 P.2d 849 (1987).

46. Indecent liberties neither identical to nor more specific than rape (K.S.A. 21-3502). State v. Helms, 242 Kan. 511, 513, 748 P.2d 425 (1988).

47. Sentence modification denied; indigent defendant's right to transcript of sentencing hearing examined. State v. Duckett, 13 Kan. App. 2d 122, 764 P.2d 134 (1988).

48. Conviction affirmed; alleged child victim's out-of-court statements (K.S.A. 60-460(dd)), evidence of defendant's character, alleged victim's preliminary hearing testimony, closing argument examined. State v. Koune, 243 Kan. 218, 757 P.2d 289 (1988).

49. Conviction affirmed; test to determine whether lesser crime is lesser included offense (K.S.A. 21-3107(2)(d)) examined, aggravated sexual battery (K.S.A. 21-3518(1)(b)) distinguished. State v. Fike, 243 Kan. 365, 373, 757 P.2d 724 (1988).

50. Hearing, evidence and findings necessary to support admissibility of hearsay statements under K.S.A. 60-460(dd) examined. In re M.O., 13 Kan. App. 2d 381, 770 P.2d 856 (1989).

51. Evidence of prior crimes, preservation of in limine issue, time limitations on closing arguments; retroactivity of statutes of limitations examined. State v. Nunn, 244 Kan. 207, 209, 768 P.2d 268 (1989).

52. Absence of instruction on aggravated sexual battery, permitting child victim's testimony by closed-circuit television (K.S.A. 22-3434) examined. State v. Eaton, 244 Kan. 370, 371, 769 P.2d 1157 (1989).

53. Aggravated sexual battery (K.S.A. 21-3518) not lesser included offense of indecent liberties with a child. State v. Moppin, 245 Kan. 639, 644, 783 P.2d 878 (1989).

54. Aggravated sexual battery (K.S.A. 21-3518) not an included crime hereunder. State v. Damewood, 245 Kan. 676, 686, 783 P.2d 1249 (1989).

55. Sight barrier to prevent child-victim from seeing defendant, charges of indecent liberties and aggravated incest as multiplicitous examined. State v. Siard, 245 Kan. 716, 783 P.2d 895 (1989).

56. Testimony concerning prior child molestation prosecution barred by constitutional collateral estoppel doctrine; habeas relief warranted. Buck v. Maschner, 878 F.2d 344 (1989).

57. Criminal statutes of limitations as procedural, with amendments applicable to prior acts if crimes not yet time-barred determined. State v. Noah, 246 Kan. 291, 788 P.2d 257 (1990).

58. Charge properly dismissed where court held that a common-law marriage existed at time of alleged offense. State v. Sedlack, 246 Kan. 305, 308, 787 P.2d 709 (1990).

59. Finding that child-victim was unavailable as a witness (K.S.A. 60-460) one year before trial determined as error. State v. McClanahan, 14 Kan. App. 2d 410, 792 P.2d 355 (1990).

60. Distinctions among K.S.A. 22-3433, 22-3434 and 60-460(dd) regarding child-victim testimony examined; application of statutes under facts presented determined. State v. Lamb, 14 Kan. App. 2d 664, 798 P.2d 506 (1990).

61. Cunnilingus as not constituting sodomy (K.S.A. 21-3505) noted; ruling not applied retroactively. State v. Neer, 247 Kan. 137, 138, 795 P.2d 362 (1990).

62. Sentence exceeding life expectancy, timeliness and merits of motion for new trial, when counsel required for postconviction proceedings examined. State v. Nunn, 247 Kan. 576, 577, 802 P.2d 547 (1990).

63. Lack of requirement to change life sentence so good time credits apply, when counsel required for postconviction motions examined. State v. Carmichael, 247 Kan. 619, 620, 801 P.2d 1315 (1990).

64. Error to instruct jury that, as a matter of law, indecent liberties constitutes bodily injury necessary for aggravated kidnapping. State v. Peltier, 249 Kan. 415, 426, 819 P.2d 628 (1991).

65. Time during which probation may be revoked examined; probation period held limited to maximum sentence time. State v. Grimsley, 15 Kan. App. 2d 441, 808 P.2d 1387 (1991).

66. Requirements for psychiatric examination of a complaining witness, admitting evidence of prior conviction, sentence imposed by board of judges examined. State v. Blackmore, 15 Kan. App. 2d 539, 540, 811 P.2d 54 (1991).

67. When defendant is related to victim as set forth in K.S.A. 21-3603, state may charge aggravated incest but not indecent liberties with a child. State v. Williams, 250 Kan. 730, 829 P.2d 892 (1992).

68. Admissibility of minor victim's entire statement, testimony of mental health therapist as to truth of minor victim's story, sentence imposed examined. State v. Arrington, 251 Kan. 747, 840 P.2d 477 (1992).

69. Trial court's error noted in either not granting probation as recommended by TCF or making findings required by K.S.A. 21-4603. State v. Dugan, 17 Kan. App. 2d 340, 836 P.2d 584 (1992).

70. Under facts alleged and proved, conviction of aggravated incest (K.S.A. 21-3603) bars prosecution hereunder. State v. Chandler, 17 Kan. App. 2d 512, 839 P.2d 551 (1992).

71. Failure to instruct on attempted indecent liberties as lesser offense of attempted rape not error under facts herein. State v. Cahill, 252 Kan. 309, 845 P.2d 624 (1993).

72. Fact that conception results from violation. This section does not relieve victim of duty to support child. State ex rel . Hermesmann v. Seyer, 252 Kan. 646, 647, 650, 652, 847 P.2d 1273 (1993).

73. Cited in holding court lacked jurisdiction to convict father of rape of 15 year-old daughter where father also convicted of aggravated kidnapping. Carmichael v. State, 18 Kan. App. 2d 435, 438, 856 P.2d 934 (1993).

74. Trial judge's ex parte communication with Topeka correctional facility's warden requesting reevaluation of defendant and sending required documents examined. State v. Fryar, 18 Kan. App. 2d 576, 856 P.2d 512 (1993).

75. Conditions under which a minor child-victim may be accompanied by a parent or supportive adult while testifying examined. State v. Rowray, 18 Kan. App. 2d 772, 779, 860 P.2d 40 (1993).

76. Whether aggravated incest statute applies to sexual relationships between half-blood uncle and minor daughter of half-brother examined. State v. Craig, 254 Kan. 575, 579, 867 P.2d 1013 (1994).

77. Whether defendant's guilty plea waived challenge to failure of state to charge specific over general offense examined. Labona v. State, 255 Kan. 66, 872 P.2d 271 (1994).

78. Whether court erred by converting attempt to engage in indecent liberties with a child to severity level 5 examined. State v. Ward, 20 Kan. App. 2d 238, 240, 886 P.2d 890 (1994).

79. Whether guilty plea based on ineffective assistance of counsel may be challenged under section examined. Garret v. State, 20 Kan. App. 2d 513, 514, 889 P.2d 795 (1995).

80. Whether judge erred by converting indecent liberties with a child to a severity level 3 crime for sentencing guidelines purpose examined. Baker v. State, 20 Kan. App. 2d 807, 811, 894 P.2d 221 (1995).

81. Whether defendant sentenced after KSGA (K.S.A. 21-4701 et seq.) enactment for crimes committed before enactment is denied equal protection by preclusion of sentencing guideline retroactivity examined. State v. Fierro, 257 Kan. 639, 653, 895 P.2d 186 (1995).

82. KDOC use of all records available in making retroactivity determination does not violate offenders' rights to due process. Farris v. McKune, 259 Kan. 181, 185, 911 P.2d 177 (1996).

83. Defendant's allegation that he should have been charged with lesser offense did not render guilty plea involuntary. Hunt v. Daily, 54 F. Supp. 2d 1038, 1040 (1999).

84. Single incident with several acts: No need to give multiple acts instruction. State v. Banks, 28 Kan. App. 2d 829, 22 P.3d 1069 (2001).

85. Sentencing petitioners for separate crimes than those they were charged, tried and convicted of violated due process. Beem v. McKune, 278 F.3d 1108, 1109 (2002).

86. Mentioned in discussion relating to meaning of "lewd." State v. Rutherford, 39 Kan. App. 2d 767, 775, 184 P.3d 959 (2008).

87. Charges under K.S.A. 8-1567 and 21-3608a are not multiplicitous. State v. Cott, 288 Kan. 643, 206 P.3d 514 (2009).

88. Cited in finding K.S.A. 21-3435 creates a specific intent crime. State v. Richardson, 289 Kan. 118, 209 P.3d 696 (2009).

89. Cited as crime requiring a specific intent element. In re C.P.W. 289 Kan. 448, 213 P.3d 413 (2009).


 | Next

LEGISLATIVE COORDINATING COUNCIL
  12/18/2023 Meeting Notice Agenda
  LCC Policies

REVISOR OF STATUTES
  2023 New, Amended and Repealed by KSA
  2023 New, Amended and Repealed by Bill
  2024 Valid Section Numbers
  Chapter 72 Statute Transfer List
  Kansas School Equity & Enhancement Act
  Gannon v. State
  Information for Special Session 2021
  General Info., Legal Analysis & Research
  2022 Amended & Repealed Statutes
  2021 Amended & Repealed Statutes
  2020 Amended & repealed Statutes
  2019 Amended & Repealed Statutes

USEFUL LINKS
Session Laws

OTHER LEGISLATIVE SITES
Kansas Legislature
Administrative Services
Division of Post Audit
Research Department