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8-1566. Reckless driving, penalties. (a) Any person who drives any vehicle in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of reckless driving.

(b) Except as provided in K.S.A. 8-2,142, violation of this section is a misdemeanor. Upon a first conviction of a violation of this section, a person shall be sentenced to not less than five days nor more than 90 days imprisonment or fined not less than $25 nor more than $500, or both such fine and imprisonment. On a second or subsequent conviction of a violation of this section, a person shall be sentenced to not less than 10 days nor more than six months imprisonment, or fined not less than $50 nor more than $500 or both such fine and imprisonment.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-1566; L. 1984, ch. 39, § 8; L. 1989, ch. 38, § 41; January 1, 1991.

Source or prior law:

8-531.

Cross References to Related Sections:

Section applicable upon highways and elsewhere throughout the state, see 8-1501.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"Criminal Law: Reckless Driving is Not a Lesser Included Offense of Driving While Under the Influence of Alcohol," Katy Streepy Nitcher, 23 W.L.J. 421, 432, 434 (1984).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Criminal Law," Robert A. Wason, 32 K.L.R. 395 (1984).

Criminal Procedure Edition, 47 K.L.R. 937 (1999).

Attorney General's Opinions:

DUI; elements of offense. 84-44.

Restrictions on plea bargaining in prosecutions for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. 86-172.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Crimes in which prior conviction is a necessary element distinguished from crimes considered in establishing penalties. State v. Loudermilk, 221 Kan. 157, 160, 557 P.2d 1229.

2. Reckless driving offense is not lesser included offense of DUI; different elements of proof required for each offense. State v. Mourning, 233 Kan. 678, 681, 682, 664 P.2d 857 (1983).

3. Cited in holding diversion agreement in prior DUI case (K.S.A. 8-1567) considered conviction for sentence enhancement. State v. Clevenger, 235 Kan. 864, 683 P.2d 1272 (1984).

4. Statutory changes in K.S.A. 38-1602(b)(1) not retroactively applied to juvenile charged before change effective. In re Hockenbury, 9 Kan. App. 2d 450, 452, 680 P.2d 561 (1984).

5. Conviction hereof not necessary for conviction of aggravated vehicular homicide (K.S.A. 21-3405a). State v. Louis, 240 Kan. 175, 186, 727 P.2d 483 (1986).

6. Cited; driving while under influence of alcohol is lesser included offense of aggravated vehicular homicide (K.S.A. 21-3405a). State v. Woodman, 12 Kan. App. 2d 110, 112, 113, 735 P.2d 1102 (1987).

7. Cited; DUI (K.S.A. 8-1567) as lesser included offense of involuntary manslaughter (K.S.A. 21-3404) examined. State v. Adams, 242 Kan. 20, 25, 744 P.2d 833 (1987).

8. Cited; aggravated vehicular homicide (K.S.A. 21-3405a) as concurrent and controlling involuntary manslaughter (K.S.A. 21-3404) examined. State v. Goodnow, 12 Kan. App. 2d 294, 296, 740 P.2d 113 (1987).

9. History of K.S.A. 8-2117 (juvenile traffic offenders) examined; limitations on length and places of incarceration determined. State v. D.L.P., 13 Kan. App. 2d 647, 651, 778 P.2d 851 (1989).

10. What constitutes a reasonable and articulable suspicion sufficient to justify stopping and frisking person examined. State v. McKeown, 249 Kan. 506, 510, 819 P.2d 644 (1991).

11. Evidence of motorcyclist evading police sufficient to sustain conviction under section. U.S. v. McIntosh, 979 F. Supp. 1329, 1333 (1997).

12. Running stop sign insufficient to support conviction of reckless driving. State v. Remmers, 278 Kan. 598, 102 P.3d 433 (2004).

13. Charge hereunder; notice provisions of K.S.A. 8-1001(f) are mandatory, not directory. State v. Kogler, 38 Kan. App. 2d 159, 162, 163 P.3d 330 (2007).


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