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8-287. Habitual violator; penalty. Except as allowed under subsection (d)(4) of K.S.A. 8-235, and amendments thereto, operation of a motor vehicle in this state while one's driving privileges are revoked pursuant to K.S.A. 8-286, and amendments thereto, is a class A nonperson misdemeanor. The person found guilty of a third or subsequent conviction of this section shall be sentenced to not less than 90 days' imprisonment and fined not less than $1,500. The person convicted shall not be eligible for release on probation, suspension or reduction of sentence or parole until the person has served at least 90 days' imprisonment. The 90 days' imprisonment mandated by this subsection may be served in a work release program only after such person has served 48 consecutive hours' imprisonment, provided such work release program requires such person to return to confinement at the end of each day in the work release program. The court may place the person convicted under a house arrest program pursuant to K.S.A. 21-6609, and amendments thereto, or any municipal ordinance to serve the remainder of the minimum sentence only after such person has served 48 consecutive hours' imprisonment.

History: L. 1972, ch. 32, § 4; L. 1992, ch. 239, § 28; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 3; L. 1994, ch. 353, § 6; L. 1999, ch. 164, § 2; L. 2006, ch. 211, § 11; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 90; L. 2012, ch. 172, § 8; July 1.

Attorney General's Opinions:

Use of prior convictions in determining sentence for DUI offense. 82-182.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Mentioned in holding action to determine whether defendant is habitual violator is civil rather than criminal proceeding. State v. Boos, 232 Kan. 864, 866, 873, 659 P.2d 224 (1983).

2. Statutory changes in K.S.A. 38-1602(b)(1) not retroactively applied to juvenile charged before change effective. In re Hockenbury, 9 Kan. App. 2d 450, 452, 680 P.2d 561 (1984).

3. Cited in holding habitual violator under K.S.A. 8-285 requires three separate convictions, each based on separate incident. State v. Underwood, 10 Kan. App. 2d 116, 118, 123, 693 P.2d 1205 (1985).

4. Neither general civil nor general criminal statutes of limitations applies to habitual violator proceedings. State v. Graham, 12 Kan. App. 2d 803, 809, 758 P.2d 247 (1988).

5. Statute does not enhance sentence; penalty imposed based upon determination in civil proceeding under K.S.A. 8-286. State v. Whitehurst, 13 Kan. App. 2d 411, 416, 772 P.2d 1251 (1988).

6. Conviction hereunder not invalid because adjudication of habitual violator based in part on uncounseled misdemeanor violation. State v. Weber, 13 Kan. App. 2d 571, 575, 775 P.2d 679 (1989).

7. History of K.S.A. 8-2117 (juvenile traffic offenders) examined; limitations on length and places of incarceration determined. State v. D.L.P., 13 Kan. App. 2d 647, 651, 778 P.2d 851 (1989).

8. Act provides criminal penalties only where person later convicted of driving while under court order not to do so. State v. Walden, 15 Kan. App. 2d 139, 147, 803 P.2d 1054 (1991).

9. What constitutes a "traffic offense" as defined in K.S.A. 8-2117(d) examined; driving with suspended license (K.S.A. 8-262) held not within definition. State v. Frazier, 248 Kan. 963, 970, 811 P.2d 1240 (1991).

10. Court restoration of driving privileges examined. State v. Browning, 17 Kan. App. 2d 768, 769, 770, 844 P.2d 739 (1993).

11. Operating vehicle with revoked license must occur within three-year period following revocation for habitual violator purposes. State v. Proffitt, 261 Kan. 526, 529, 533, 930 P.2d 1059 (1997).

12. Notice mailing procedure satisfies due process; actual knowledge of notice of status not required to sustain conviction. State v. Lewis, 23 Kan. App. 2d 758, 759, 766, 935 P.2d 1072 (1997).

13. Accused's knowledge of status as a habitual violator is an essential element of offense under section. State v. Lewis, 263 Kan. 843, 845, 859, 953 P.2d 1016 (1998).

14. Trial court's granting prosecution motion to prohibit defendant from relying on compulsion defense upheld. State v. Alexander, 24 Kan. App. 2d 817, 953 P.2d 685 (1998).

15. Notice provisions of section comport with due process constitutional requirements. State v. Bateson, 25 Kan. App. 2d 90, 100, 958 P.2d 44 (1998).

16. Person who has never obtained a driver's license may not be convicted of crime containing element that person's driving privileges had been revoked. State v. Logan, 28 Kan. App. 2d 289, 14 P.3d 1193 (2000).


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