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50-116. Pleading in bar or abatement of civil action that plaintiff is member or agent of unlawful combination. When an action at law or suit in equity shall be commenced in any court of this state, it shall be lawful in the defense thereof to plead in bar or in abatement that the plaintiff or any other person interested in the prosecution of the case is a member or agent of an unlawful combination as described in K.S.A. 50-112 and 50-113, or that the cause of action grows out of such combination, or out of some business or transaction thereof.

History: L. 1889, ch. 257, ยง 5; March 9; R.S. 1923, 50-116.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Similarity to Clayton-Sherman Acts and recent Kansas antitrust litigation discussed, Kenton C. Granger, 8 W.L.J. 1 (1968).


1. Section not applicable unless controversy connected with combination. Barton v. Mulvane, 59 Kan. 313, 316, 52 P. 883.

2. Information may charge defendant as member of several combinations. The State v. Harvester Co., 79 Kan. 371, 99 P. 603.

3. Purpose is to prevent enforcement of unlawful contracts and arrangements; refusal of auditor to issue warrant for claim considered. Cates v. Knapp, 104 Kan. 184, 178 P. 447.

4. Section not applicable to suit involving no question of monopoly. Farrar v. Perkins, 126 Kan. 71, 266 P. 751.

5. Section held not to prevent defense of secret agreement to create monopoly. Gard v. Holmes, 132 Kan. 443, 445, 295 P. 716.

6. Cited in holding limitation provision of K.S.A. 50-107 inapplicable to defense alleging contract void. Morrison v. Brandt, 145 Kan. 942, 951, 67 P.2d 584.

7. Cited; damage action against film distributor for failure to deliver film. Sullivan v. Paramount Film Distributing Corp., 166 Kan. 57, 60, 199 P.2d 502.

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